COMMUNITY SUPPORT TEAM (CST)
THE UNITED KINGDOM
Police Community Support Officers (PCSOs) were introduced with a clear primary function as dedicated patrol officers. They would provide a high visibility presence and reassure the public about their personal safety. The original role designated was seen as relatively straightforward and about interaction and engagement, rather than coercion, even though they were envisaged as a key mechanism to control and effectively to manage public space. In line with this vision, the original powers of PCSOs were limited under Part 1, Schedule 4 of the Police Reform Act of 2002.
In the last ten years the PSCO service has grown extensively, as a result of positive effect and efficiency. With the advent of the Anti-Social Behaviour Act, PCSOs were granted additionally powers and responsibility.
The ISSS ‘Community Support Team’ (CST) project examines the potential benefit of building, and delivering, a service to local communities, whereby, residents and local businesses could benefit from advice and support on their safety, security and well-being. As the number of national resources are reduced, impacting on the steady closure of local police stations across the country, would the presence of trusted locals, trained and educated in these areas have a positive effect within the community?
If such a role has a place in today’s rural society, can the local unemployment level be reduced through re-training, training and education? ISSS look at the potential for education to be harmonized with the Private Security Sector (PSC), therefore, creating a potential pool of resource meeting a steadily increasing demand.
NOTE: *** The ISSS – CST Project does NOT in any way suggest or propose that PSCO or CST could or would be implimented in Sweden as any part of the National Swedish Police Force ***